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Citing Resources - MLA Style

CITATION GUIDE FOR WORKS CITED - MLA Style
a.k.a. THE  "BIBLIOGRAPHY"


Note: The Modern Languages Association (MLA)citation guide is used for all Humanities (i.e. English, Socials and Modern Languages) assignments at Templeton Secondary.

For Psychology, Science and Home Economics assignments refer to the APA Style Guides.

 

 

 

 

 

 

MLA guides may vary depending on the post-secondary institution.  Always ask your instructor to make sure you are using the correct format.

MLA Guidelines for Works Cited - Modern Language Association format (UBC Library)


Works_Cited_Evaluation_Checklist.pdfWorks_Cited_Evaluation_Checklist.pdf
Please use this checklist to review your Works Cited page, prior to submitting your work.

 
TEMPLETON CITATION GUIDE
The version shown here is adapted from the MLA style.
For example: 
  • MLA version asks that titles are written in Italics. We prefer that titles are underlined .
  • Modification Dates & Access Dates :  We ask that the words are written in,
    just so that the students can learn to differentiate between the two.
  •  
  • Dates are always written in the format:   dd mm year 
    Example:  30 09  2012  or 30 Sept. 2012
 
For full MLA format consult:  MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers (REF 808 MLA)
or the MLA Guidelines link above.
 
A BIBLIOGRAPHY or WORKS CITED page is a list of all sources of information used when preparing an assignment.  These sources may include print or digital versions of encyclopedia articles, books, magazines, newspaper articles, non-print materials (i.e. films,, personal interviews, etc.) as well as Database and Web resources.

GENERAL RULES FOR PRESENTATION:

1.  The "Bibliography" or "Works Cited" page is always on a separate piece of paper, at the end of your assignment.
     Always include the title, "Works Cited" at the top of the
page.
     Always indicate the topic, or subject, of the bibliography.
 
 
2.  Arrange entries ALPHABETICALLY by whatever apperars first in the entry (i.e. author, title of article or book).
     Ignore the words "A", "An", "The", "Le", "La", "L'" or "Les" when they appear at the beginning of the entry.

 
3.  DO NOT NUMBER the entries. DO NOT use sub-headings, categories for resource types.
 
4.  For each item in a bibliography, include (in order): author, title, place of publication, publisher, 
    date of publication.  [Note: Place of publication - use the first one mentioned. Date of publication - use
    the most recent / current date.]
   
    
Missing Information?
Use these abbreviations
OTHER ABBREVIATIONS​
n.p. = no place of publication listed​  ed.= edition            tr. = translator​
n.n. = no name of publisher listed​ vol. = volume          no. = number​
n.d. = no date of publication listed​
  
5.  PUNCTUATION MATTERS!!  Follow the samples. Exact placement of each comma, period, & colon is important!
 
6.  THE HANGING INDENT:  Each resource is single-spaced.  Only double space between citations.
      The first line of each citation begins at the margin & subsequent lines are indented five spaces, as in the example 
      below.
 
     Cope, Peter.  The PhotoShop User's Encyclopedia: Every PhotoShop Term You're Ever Likely to Need or Use.  
              New York: Friedman and Fairfax Press, 2002.
  
            
7.  Capitalize all words in the title of a resource, except for: articles (a / an / the); prepositions (in / on / of / for, etc.);
     and conjunctions (and / but / for / so, etc.) when they appear in the middle of the title.    
     Only capitalize these when they are at the beginning of a title.

SAMPLE BIBLIOGRAPHY ENTRIES  

Note: 
Sub-headings are used here to show different examples of entries. 
In a proper bibliography the resources are listed in alphabetical order, by whatever appears first in the entry. 

DO NOT SEPARATE RESOURCE BY TYPE.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 

AN ENCYCLOPEDIA or DICTIONARY ARTICLE or ALMANAC

Author's Last Name, First Name . “Title of Article .Title of Resource .  Place of
         Publication:  Publisher , Date of Publication.  Medium (Print or Web).
 
Examples:
 
Deitrich, Walter. "Nuclear Energy."  The World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: World Book 
        Inc., 1995.  Print.
 
“Hockey.”  The Canadian EncylcopediaAlberta: Hurtig Publishers Ltd., 1988.  Print.

  

"Cloning."  Webster's Third New International Dictionary.  U.S.A.:  Merriam-Webster Inc.,
        1986.  Print.
 
"Endangered Species."  The World Book Almanac and Book of Facts 2009.
        New York: World Almanac Publication,
2009: 188. Print. 
 

Notes: 

When a resource is arranged in alphabetical order, the volume & page number are not required.  (See example 1 above.)

The World Book Almanac is not arranged in alphabetical order; therefore, page number is required(See example 4 above.)

When there is no author mentioned, begin with the title for the article. 
(See example 2 above.)

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 


 

A BOOK WITH AN AUTHOR

Author’s last name ,  Author’s first name.  Book Title . Place of Publication
                Publisher , Date of Publication. Medium (Print or Web).
  
Examples:
 
Lennon, Paul.  The Keyboard Player's Chord Bible.  New Jersey: Chartwell Books Inc., 
        2008. Print.
 
Trager, James.  The Food Chronology.  New York: University Press, 1995.  Print.
 

Note:  When information does not fit on one line, remember to indent
           the 2nd line of the entry, a minimum 
of 5 spaces / characters.

 
 
 
 
 
 


A BOOK WITH TWO AUT
HORS

Last Name of 1st author, First Name of author and the 2nd author’s First Name and
        Last 
Name.  Title of the book .  Place of Publication :  Publisher , Date of 
        Publication . Medium (Print or Web).
 
 
Examples:
 
Adams, Norman and Joe Singer.  Drawing Animals.  London:  Watson-Guptill Publications,
         1979.
        
Baines, Jacob and John Malek.  Atlas of Ancient Egypt.  New York: Facts on File
        Publications, 1982.
 
Note:  When information does not fit on one line, remember to indent the 2nd line of the entry,
           a minimum
of 5 spaces / characters.
 
 
 
 
 
 
 


A BOOK WITH MORE THAN TWO AUTHORS

Last Name of 1st author, First Name et al.   Title of the Book . Place of Publication : 
         Publisher , Date of Publication. Medium (Print or Web)
 
Examples:
Allaby, Michael et al.  Illustrated Dictionary of Science. New York:  Facts on File, 1995.
      Print.
  
Note:  The abbreviation et al. replaces the names of the other authors.
 
 
 
 


A WORK FROM AN ANTHOLOGY (For citing poems, short stories, essays, etc)

Author’s or Poet’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of the work.”  Title of the Anthology.
          Editor's Name (if available),   Place of Publication :  Publisher , Date of
          Publication : page number(s). Medium
.
 
Examples:
Saki. “The Music on the Hill.The Complete Works of Saki. Ed. London : The Bodley Head,  
         1989 : 161-166. Print.
 
Wordsworth, William. “I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud.” Major English Romantic Poets. New
        York: Washington Square Press, 1963 : 194. Print.
 
 
 

 A BOOK WITH EDITOR(S) OR NO AUTHOR

 
Title of book . Place of Publication : Publisher ,  Date of Publication .
 
Examples:
 
The Art of the Italian Renaissance: architecture, sculpture, painting, drawing. Germany:
          Konemann, 1995.  Print.
  
The Penguin Book of First World War Prose.  London:  Viking Press, 1989.
  
 
Note:  When you put this type of entry in order alphabetically, arrange it by keyword, not the article “the”.
 
 
 
 
 


MAGAZINE & NEWSPAPER ARTICLES 

  
Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of article.” Title of Magazine.  Date of 
           Magazine: page 
number(s). Medium  (Print or Web).
 
Examples:
“400,000 Names on Petition,”  The Province. 13 May 2010: A6. Print.
 
"Mountain Transformed: Thirty Years after the Blast.” National Geographic.  May 2010: 37 -
          53. Print.
 
Petrou, Michael.  “Living in Terror.” Maclean’s.  17 May 2010: 28-30. Web. 10 September 
          2010.
 
Zarychanski, Ryan and Donald Houston.  “Anemia of Chronic Disease.”  
          CMAJ : Canadian Medical Association Journal, vol. 179, no. 4, 12 August 2008:
          333 – 335. 
  

Notes: 
When no author is mentioned begin with the title of the article.
(See 1st and 2nd example above
.)

Articles accessed online, should have the access date following the medium type.
(See example 3 above.)

Scholarly / Academic journals must include the volume and number of the issue. 
(See example 4 above.) 

 

 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

 
 

NON-PRINT SOURCES
[DVDs / Multimedia Kits / Pamphlets / Recordings / Videos, etc.]

 
Title of Resource.  Place of Publication : Producer , Date of Production. Medium.
 
Examples:
An Inconvenient Truth.  California: Paramount Classics, 2006. DVD.
 
Lacey, Robert. The French Revolution 2: the Terror. New York: Jackdaw Publications, 1969.
          Multimedia Kit.
 
 
Note:  When you put this type of entry in order alphabetically, arrange it by keyword, not the article “the”.
 
 
 

INTERVIEW

Last Name , First Name .  Job title . Personal interview .  Date of interview.
 
Examples:
Davis, Aaron.  Principal of Templeton Secondary School. Personal interview. 
          10 September 2012.
 
Cardwell, S. Superintendent for the Vancouver School Board. Telephone interview. 
          17 May 2010.
 
Note:  For Interviews indicate what type of Interview (Personal / Telephone / Email).
 
 
  

INTERNET SOURCES / WEB SITES

Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of the Web Page.” Title of the Web Site
        
Modification 
Date:  dd  mm year. Name of sponsoring institution. Access Date: 
        
day month year.  <Web address / URL>
 
Examples:
 “Afghanistan.” World Factbook 2001. Modification Date: 01 January 2010. Central
          Intelligence Agency.  Access Date: 21 May 2010. <http://www.cia.gov/cia/
          publications/
factbook/>
 
Bombino, Giovanna. “History of Kitsilano.” Kitsilano Library Archives. Modification Date:
        10 June 2005.  Kitsilano Secondary School. Access Date:  01 September 2010. 
        < http://kitsilano.vsb.bc.ca/library/archives/>
 
 

Notes:
If no author is provided, begin with the title of the web page used. 
(See first example below.)
 

If the URL is too long and needs to continue on a 2nd or 3rd line, line breaks should happen after a slash (/).

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 

“DATABASE” RESOURCES
World Book, Biography In Context, Student Research Centre …

 
Author’s Last Name, First Name. “Title of Page.”  Title of Original Source
                Year of Publication for Original Source. Database or Digital
                Resource used. Medium. Access Date: dd mm year.
 
Note:  When no author is provided begin with the title of the article / page (i.e. subject you looked up).
  
 
Examples:
 
“Chocolate.”  Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia. 2009. Student Research Center. Web. 
           Access Date: 09 January 2010.
 
Franklin, Elisabeth.  “Tiger.” World Book Student. 2010. World Book Online. Web. Access
          Date: 14 April 2010.
 
“William Shakespeare.” Encyclopedia of World Biography. 1998. Biography In Context.
           Web. Access Date: 21 May 2010.

A PERFECT BIBLIOGRAPHY LOOKS LIKE THIS!

Work Cited

Louis "Satchmo" Armstrong 

“Armstrong, Louis.” The World Book Encyclopedia. Chicago: World Book Inc., 2009. Print.
 
Arnaud, Gérald. Les Grands Créateurs de Jazz. Paris: Bordas, 1989.
 
The Chronicles of Kitsilano.  Vancouver: n.n., 1969.
 
Creighton, Neil.  1955 Grad of KitsilanoSecondary. Personal Interview. 05 May 1995.

Feather, Leonard.  From Satchmo to Miles. New York: Stein & Day, 1972.
 
Fleming, Colin.  “More Satchmo.” The New Yorker. 30 March 2009 : 12.  Web.  
          Access Date: 31  05  2010.
 
“Louis Armstrong.” Contemporary Black Biography. 1992. Biography Resource Centre.
           Web.  Access Date:  21 May 2010.
  
 

Notes:

Resources are listed alphabetically by whatever appears first in the entry.

If information does not fit on one line, indent the 2nd, 3rd and any other lines. 
       This is called a "hanging indent".

Punctuation Matters!  Follow the rules as shown in the examples above.

 

 

 



 

 

 

 

 

 

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