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King George Science


 V. Hughes

​​Science helps us to understand the world around us: developing our international mindedness and giving us the opportunity to better understand our community, and environment. Through out the course every effort will be made to show how science connects to other areas of study.

Chemistry 12 is a theoretical course intended for student planning to study Sciences in their post-seccondary endeavours.  The textbook we will be using as a reference is Chemistry 12: A Workbook for Students  by John Hebden. 1998                        

Reaction Rates.   Chemical reactions concept.  Molecular collisions.  Rate defined.  Temperature & surface area. KE and PE.  Activation energy.  Energy diagrams.  Mechanisms.

Reaction Equilibrium.   Reversible reactions.  Equilibrium defined.  Chemical pathways.  Dynamic equilibria.   Reactant concentrations.  Temperature & pressure.  Equilibrium positions.  Entropy & enthalpy.  Equilibrium shift. Catalysts.  Le Chatelier's Principle.  Haber process.  Equilibrium constant.  Equilibrium reactions in various states. 

Solutions/Reaction Equilibrium.   Mixtures.  Solubility.  Saturation.  Ion concentrations.  Ionic equations.  Precipitation reactions.  Qualitative analysis.  Solubility product. Common ion effect.

Acid-Base Reactions.  Acid-base characteristics.  Amphiprotic compounds.  Conjugate pairs.  Common acids & bases.    Acid-base strength.  Dissociation & ionization.  Kw.  Hydronium ion concentration.  pH &  pOH.  Calculations of pH &               pOH.  Acid-base tables.  Ka & Kb.  Titrations.  Indicators.  Salt formation.  Hydrolysis.  Acidic and basic anhydrides.    Buffers defined.  Preparing & using buffer solutions.  Standard solutions.  Equivalence point vs endpoint.  Titration            curves.  Buffers in industry.  Acid rain.

Electrochemistry.  Redox reactions.   Oxidation vs reduction.  Half-reactions.  Oxidizing agents.           Reducing agents.               Spontaneous reactions.  Balancing half-reactions.  Oxidation numbers.           Balancing redox reactions.  Redox titrations.                Electrochemical cells.  Operation of electrochemical cells.  Predicting redox reactions.  Storage batteries.  Electrolysis.    Electrolytic cells.  Industrial applications.  Corrosion.​

Chemistry 11 offers a broad overview of many aspects of modern chemistry, which an emphasis on the application of mathematics to solve problem.  It is a stepping stone to Chemistry 12, as well as to college or university science programs.  As this course is primarily theoretical, experiments will be done, as time permits, during each unit to reinforce theoretical concepts.  The textbook we will be using as a reference is Heath Chemistry by J. Herron.  Another useful resource you may want to try and find is Hebden: Chemistry 11, A Workbook For Students  by John Hebden.  

  • Introduction to Chemistry
  • Uncertainty in Measurement
  • Finding Out About Matter
  • The Mole
  • Chemical Reactions and Stoichiometry
  • Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table
  • Chemical Bonding
  • Solution Chemistry
  • Organic Chemistry

Science 9 

Students will be encouraged to communicate their ideas and consider the thoughts and opinions of others. Students will also work to develop themselves as communicating, caring, inquiring, risk taking, knowledgeable, reflective, open-minded, principled, balanced, and thinking individuals.

Asexual reproduction(mitosis), sexual reproduction (meiosis),human sexual reproduction, element properties as organized in the periodic table, the arrangement of electrons determines the compounds formed by elements, circuits (must be complete for electrons to flow), voltage, current, and resistance, effects of solar radiation on the cycling of matter and energy, matter cycles within biotic and abiotic components of ecosystems, sustainability of systems, First Peoples knowledge of interconnectedness and sustainability.

Please do not hesitate to contact me for extra help with homework, assignments, labs and test preparation.  

Ms. Hughes

Room 321











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